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feline distemper

noun
1.
distemper1 (def 1c).
Also called feline agranulocytosis, feline infectious enteritis, feline panleukopenia.
Origin
1940-1945
1940-45

distemper1

[dis-tem-per] /dɪsˈtɛm pər/
noun
1.
Veterinary Pathology.
  1. Also called canine distemper. an infectious disease chiefly of young dogs, caused by an unidentified virus and characterized by lethargy, fever, catarrh, photophobia, and vomiting.
  2. Also called colt distemper, equine distemper, strangles. an infectious disease of horses, caused by the bacillus Streptococcus equi and characterized by catarrh of the upper air passages and the formation of pus in the submaxillary and other lymphatic glands.
  3. Also called cat distemper, feline agranulocytosis, feline distemper, feline infectious enteritis, feline panleukopenia. a usually fatal viral disease of cats, characterized by fever, vomiting, and diarrhea, leading to severe dehydration.
2.
a deranged condition of mind or body; a disorder or disease:
a feverish distemper.
3.
disorder or disturbance, especially of a political nature.
verb (used with object)
4.
Obsolete. to derange physically or mentally.
Origin
1300-50; Middle English distemp(e)ren, destempren (v.) (< Middle French destemprer) < Medieval Latin distemperāre, equivalent to Latin dis- dis-1 + temperāre to temper
Related forms
distemperedly, adverb
distemperedness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for feline-panleukopenia

distemper1

/dɪsˈtɛmpə/
noun
1.
any of various infectious diseases of animals, esp canine distemper, a highly contagious viral disease of dogs, characterized initially by high fever and a discharge from the nose and eyes See also hard pad, strangles
2.
(archaic)
  1. a disease or disorder
  2. disturbance
  3. discontent
verb
3.
(transitive) (archaic) to disturb
Word Origin
C14: from Late Latin distemperāre to derange the health of, from Latin dis-1 + temperāre to mix in correct proportions

distemper2

/dɪsˈtɛmpə/
noun
1.
a technique of painting in which the pigments are mixed with water, glue, size, etc, used for poster, mural, and scene painting
2.
the paint used in this technique or any of various water-based paints, including, in Britain, whitewash
verb
3.
(transitive) to mix (pigments) with water and size
4.
to paint (something) with distemper
Word Origin
C14: from Medieval Latin distemperāre to soak, from Latin dis-1 + temperāre to mingle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for feline-panleukopenia

distemper

v.

mid-14c., "to disturb," from Old French destemprer, from Medieval Latin distemperare "vex, make ill," literally "upset the proper balance (of bodily humors)," from dis- "un-, not" (see dis-) + Latin temperare "mingle in the proper proportion" (see temper (v.)). Related: Distempered.

n.

1550s, from distemper (v.); in reference to a disease of dogs, from 1747.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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feline-panleukopenia in Medicine

distemper dis·tem·per (dĭs-těm'pər)
n.

  1. An infectious viral disease occurring in dogs, characterized by loss of appetite, a catarrhal discharge from the eyes and nose, vomiting, partial paralysis, and sometimes death.

  2. A similar viral disease of cats characterized by fever, vomiting, diarrhea leading to dehydration, and sometimes death.

  3. Any of various similar mammalian diseases.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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feline-panleukopenia in Science
distemper
  (dĭs-těm'pər)   
  1. An infectious disease occurring especially in dogs, caused by the canine distemper virus of the genus Morbillivirus. It is characterized by loss of appetite, a discharge from the eyes and nose, vomiting, fever, lethargy, partial paralysis caused by destruction of myelinated nerve tissue, and sometimes death.

  2. An infectious disease of cats caused by the feline panleukopenia virus of the genus Parvovirus, characterized by fever, vomiting, diarrhea leading to dehydration, and sometimes death.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for feline-panleukopenia

feline distemper

viral disease of cats, kittens two to six months old being most susceptible. Highly contagious, it is caused by a parvovirus that is closely related to canine parvovirus type 2. About 3 to 10 days after exposure to the disease, infected kittens cough and sneeze, have running eyes and nose, are feverish, lose their appetites, vomit, and have diarrhea. The number of white cells in the blood drops severely. The disease rarely lasts more than a week, but the mortality rate is high. An antigen test is available, as are vaccines that offer effective immunity

Learn more about feline distemper with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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