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fennel

[fen-l] /ˈfɛn l/
noun
1.
a plant, Foeniculum vulgare, of the parsley family, having feathery leaves and umbels of small, yellow flowers.
2.
Also, fennel seed. the aromatic fruits of this plant, used in cookery and medicine.
3.
any of various more or less similar plants, as Ferula communis (giant fennel) a tall, ornamental plant.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English fenel, Old English fenol, variant of finu(g)l < Vulgar Latin *fenuclum, for Latin fēniculum, faeniculum, equivalent to faeni- (combining form of faenum hay) + -culum -cle1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for fennel-seed

fennel

/ˈfɛnəl/
noun
1.
a strong-smelling yellow-flowered umbelliferous plant, Foeniculum vulgare, whose seeds and feathery leaves are used to season and flavour food See also finocchio
2.
another name for mayweed
Word Origin
Old English fenol, from Latin faeniculum fennel, diminutive of faenum hay
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for fennel-seed

fennel

n.

Old English fenol, finul, perhaps via (or influenced by) Old French fenoil or directly from Vulgar Latin fenuculum, from Latin feniculum, diminutive of fenum, faenum "hay," probably literally "produce" (see fecund). Apparently so called from its hay-like appearance and sweet odor.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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