city, southwestern Punjab state, northwestern India, 5 miles (8 km) from the Pakistani border. Firozpur was founded by Firuz Shah Tughluq in the 14th century; it fell under British rule in 1835. It became a British outpost and was involved in the First Sikh War (1845-46). The city, lying at a major junction of Indian and Pakistani rail lines, is a trade centre and agricultural market. It is a walled city encompassed by a circular road, with wide, well-paved main streets. Its industries include processing of agricultural products, manufacturing, weaving, and the making of confections. The city has several colleges. A cantonment 2 miles (3.2 km) south contains the district administration and other offices and an airfield.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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