fertilizability

fertilize

[fur-tl-ahyz]
verb (used with object), fertilized, fertilizing.
1.
Biology.
a.
to render (the female gamete) capable of development by uniting it with the male gamete.
b.
to fecundate or impregnate (an animal or plant).
2.
to make fertile; enrich: to fertilize farmland.
3.
to make productive.
Also, especially British, fertilise.


Origin:
1640–50; fertile + -ize

fertilizable, adjective
fertilizability, noun
overfertilize, verb (used with object), overfertilized, overfertilizing.
prefertilize, verb (used with object), prefertilized, prefertilizing.
refertilizable, adjective
refertilize, verb (used with object), refertilized, refertilizing.
unfertilizable, adjective
unfertilized, adjective
unfertilizing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
fertilize or fertilise (ˈfɜːtɪˌlaɪz)
 
vb
1.  to provide (an animal, plant, or egg cell) with sperm or pollen to bring about fertilization
2.  to supply (soil or water) with mineral and organic nutrients to aid the growth of plants
3.  to make fertile or productive
 
fertilise or fertilise
 
vb
 
'fertilizable or fertilise
 
adj
 
'fertilisable or fertilise
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fertilize
1640s; see fertile + -ize. Its biological sense of "unite with an egg cell" is first recorded 1859. Fertilizer as a euphemism for "manure" is from 1846.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
fertilization   (fûr'tl-ĭ-zā'shən)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. The process by which two gametes (reproductive cells having a single, haploid set of chromosomes) fuse to become a zygote, which develops into a new organism. The resultant zygote is diploid (it has two sets of chromosomes). In cross-fertilization, the two gametes come from two different individual organisms. In self-fertilization, the gametes come from the same individual. Fertilization includes the union of the cytoplasm of the gametes (called plasmogamy) followed by the union of the nuclei of the two gametes (called karyogamy). Among many animals, such as mammals, fertilization occurs inside the body of the female. Among fish, eggs are fertilized in the water. Among plants, fertilization of eggs occurs within the reproductive structures of the parent plant, such as the ovules of gymnosperms and angiosperms. See Note at pollination.

  2. The process of making soil more productive of plant growth, as by the addition of organic material or fertilizer.


fertilize verb
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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