Most activists agree that ultimately, the message against fgm has to come from within the community to truly take root.
There is also statistical evidence to suggest that fgm may be on the wane.
My ultimate aim is that by the time my niece is eight - she's three now - there won't be a risk of fgm.
Communities practicing fgm often feel strongly about their right to maintain a tradition carried out for generations.
fgm is frequently defended on the grounds that it reduces female sexual pleasure and increases male sexual pleasure.
Some states have none, but place fgm under existing laws of child abuse.
Finally, a committee of three doctors examined the incident and found evidence of fgm.
fgm is illegal in the U.S.—yet activists estimate that hundreds of thousands of girls are at risk of being cut each year.
In other words, fgm is the result of sexism—gender-based violence.
It also has inexplicably delayed a public awareness campaign on fgm and its health consequences.