fiacre

fiacre

[fee-ah-ker, -ahk; French fya-kruh]
noun, plural fiacres [fee-ah-kerz, -ahks; French fya-kruh] .
a small horse-drawn carriage.

Origin:
1690–1700; < French; after the Hotel de St. Fiacre in Paris, where such carriages were first for hire

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fiacre (fɪˈɑːkrə)
 
n
a small four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage, usually with a folding roof
 
[C17: named after the Hotel de St Fiacre, Paris, where these vehicles were first hired out]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
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fiacre

French coach for hire, named for the Hotel Saint-Fiacre, in Paris, where it was introduced in the 1640s. The first fiacres were boxlike, four-wheeled, open, hooded vehicles that were drawn by three horses and were designed to navigate the muddy Parisian streets. In 1794 about 800 were in use in Paris, and by the 19th century there were more than 1,500. The 19th-century fiacre resembled the carriages for hire used in England and the United States that were known as hackneys.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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