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fiacre

[fee-ah-ker, -ahk; French fya-kruh] /fiˈɑ kər, -ˈɑk; French ˈfya krə/
noun, plural fiacres
[fee-ah-kerz, -ahks; French fya-kruh] /fiˈɑ kərz, -ˈɑks; French ˈfya krə/ (Show IPA)
1.
a small horse-drawn carriage.
Origin
1690-1700
1690-1700; < French; after the Hotel de St. Fiacre in Paris, where such carriages were first for hire
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for fiacre

fiacre

/fɪˈɑːkrə/
noun
1.
a small four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage, usually with a folding roof
Word Origin
C17: named after the Hotel de St Fiacre, Paris, where these vehicles were first hired out
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for fiacre

French coach for hire, named for the Hotel Saint-Fiacre, in Paris, where it was introduced in the 1640s. The first fiacres were boxlike, four-wheeled, open, hooded vehicles that were drawn by three horses and were designed to navigate the muddy Parisian streets. In 1794 about 800 were in use in Paris, and by the 19th century there were more than 1,500. The 19th-century fiacre resembled the carriages for hire used in England and the United States that were known as hackneys.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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