fibrous root

noun
1.
a root, as in most grasses, having numerous, very fine branches of approximately the same length.
2.
a root system that consists of very fine branches.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
fibrous root   (fī'brəs)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of the roots in a system that is made up of many threadlike members of more or less equal length and is characteristic of monocotelydons. Fibrous roots develop from adventitious roots arising from the plant's stem and usually do not penetrate the soil very deeply. Because their roots attach themselves firmly to soil particles, plants with fibrous root systems are especially useful in preventing soil erosion. Compare taproot.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Readily transplantable due to shallow fibrous root system.
It has a shallow, fibrous root system and spreads by underground rhizomes.
It is a long-lived cool season native with an extensive deep coarse fibrous
  root system.
The transplanting process results in a larger caliper and a more fibrous root
  system.
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