any of the terminal members of the hand, especially one other than the thumb.
a part of a glove made to receive a finger.
the breadth of a finger as a unit of measurement; digit.
the length of a finger: approximately 4½ inches (11 cm).
Slang. an informer or spy.
something like a finger in form or use, as a projection or pointer: a finger of land leading out into the bay; the finger on the speedometer.
any of various projecting parts of machines.
verb (used with object)
to touch with the fingers; toy or meddle with; handle.
to touch with the fingers so as to mar or spoil: Please don't finger the vegetables.
to pilfer; filch.
to play on (an instrument) with the fingers.
to perform or mark (a passage of music) with a certain fingering.
to inform against or identify (a criminal) to the authorities: He fingered the man who robbed the bank.
to designate as a victim, as of murder or other crime.
verb (used without object)
to touch or handle something with the fingers.
to extend in or as in the shape of a finger: Landing piers finger out into the river along the city's shoreline.
burn one's fingers, to suffer injury or loss by meddling or by acting rashly: If you get involved in the controversy, you may burn your fingers.
give (someone) the finger, Slang. to express contempt for by or as by the obscene gesture of pointing the middle finger upward while folding the other fingers against the palm.
have a finger in the pie,
to have an interest or share in something.
to meddle in something.
keep one's fingers crossed, to wish for good luck or success, as in a specific endeavor: Keep your fingers crossed that I get the job.
lay/put one's finger on,
to indicate exactly; remember: I know the name, but I can't put my finger on it.
to discover; locate: I haven't been able to lay my finger on the book you requested.
not lift a finger, to make not even a small attempt; do nothing: The house was falling into ruin, but he wouldn't lift a finger to repair it.
put the finger on, Slang. finger ( def 12 ).
slip through one's fingers,
to elude one, as an opportunity not taken; escape: She let the chance of a lifetime slip through her fingers.
to pass or be consumed quickly: Money just slips through his fingers.
snap one's fingers (at), to exhibit disdain or contempt (for): She snaps her fingers at the local gossip.
twist/wrap around one's little finger, to exert one's influence easily or successfully upon: He has a remarkable talent for twisting people around his little finger.

before 900; Middle English, Old English; cognate with German Finger, Dutch vinger, Old Norse fingr, Gothic figgrs

fingerer, noun
fingerless, adjective
refinger, verb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
finger (ˈfɪŋɡə)
1.  a.  Technical name: digitus manus any of the digits of the hand, often excluding the thumb
 b.  (as modifier): a finger bowl
 c.  (in combination): a fingernail Related: digital
2.  the part of a glove made to cover a finger
3.  something that resembles a finger in shape or function: a finger of land
4.  Also called: digit the length or width of a finger used as a unit of measurement
5.  a quantity of liquid in a glass, etc, as deep as a finger is wide; tot
6.  a projecting machine part, esp one serving as an indicator, guide, or guard
7.  burn one's fingers to suffer from having meddled or been rash
8.  informal (Brit) get one's finger out, pull one's finger out to begin or speed up activity, esp after initial delay or slackness
9.  have a finger in the pie, have one's finger in the pie
 a.  to have an interest in or take part in some activity
 b.  to meddle or interfere
10.  (usually negative) lay a finger on to harm
11.  lay one's finger on, put one's finger on to indicate, identify, or locate accurately
12.  let slip through one's fingers to allow to escape; miss narrowly
13.  (foll by an infinitive) not lift a finger, not raise a finger not to make any effort (to do something)
14.  point the finger at to accuse or blame
15.  informal put the finger on
 a.  to inform on or identify, esp for the police
 b.  to choose (the victim or location of an intended crime)
16.  twist around one's little finger, wrap around one's little finger to have easy and complete control or influence over
17.  (tr) to touch or manipulate with the fingers; handle
18.  informal chiefly (US) (tr) to identify as a criminal or suspect
19.  (intr) to extend like a finger
20.  to use one's fingers in playing (an instrument, such as a piano or clarinet)
21.  to indicate on (a composition or part) the fingering required by a pianist, harpsichordist, etc
22.  (tr; usually passive) to arrange the keys of (a clarinet, flute, etc) for playing in a certain way
Related: digital
[Old English; related to Old Norse fingr, Gothic figgrs, Old High German fingar; see five, fist]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. fingor, from P.Gmc. *fingraz (cf. O.S. fingar, O.N. fingr, Du. vinger, Ger. Finger, Goth. figgrs), with no cognates outside Germanic; perhaps connected with PIE *pengke, the root meaning "five." As a unit of measure (M.E.) it represents the breadth of a finger, about three-quarters of an inch. They
generally are numbered from the thumb, and named index finger, fool's finger, leech- or physic-finger, and ear-finger.

early 15c., to touch or point to with the finger (but cf. fingering from late 14c.), from finger (n.). The meaning "identify a criminal" is underworld slang first recorded 1930. Related: Fingered.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

finger fin·ger (fĭng'gər)
One of the five digits of the hand, especially one other than the thumb.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
His grip hinges on overlapping two fingers around the club instead of the
  conventional one.
Arthritis is a medical condition that damages knees, fingers, wrists and other
  parts of the body.
The tips of your thumbs and index fingers are the only digits exposed when you
  flip off the caps of those glove fingers.
My fingers are way too big to try to play one of these things.
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