finish

[fin-ish]
verb (used with object)
1.
to bring (something) to an end or to completion; complete: to finish a novel; to finish breakfast.
2.
to come to the end of (a course, period of time, etc.): to finish school.
3.
to use completely (often followed by up or off ): to finish up a can of paint; to finish off the rest of the milk.
4.
to overcome completely; destroy or kill (often followed by off ): This spray will finish off the cockroaches.
5.
to complete and perfect in detail; put the final touches on (sometimes followed by up ): He decided to finish his plan more carefully. She finished up a painting.
6.
to put a finish on (wood, metal, etc.): We finished the desk in antique red lacquer.
7.
to perfect (a person) in education, accomplishments, social graces, etc.
8.
to ready (livestock) for market by feeding a diet calculated to produce the desired weight.
verb (used without object)
9.
to come to an end: The course finishes in January.
10.
to complete a course, project, etc. (sometimes followed by up ): I finished before he did. It was nine o'clock when we finished up.
11.
(of livestock) to become fattened for market.
noun
12.
the end or conclusion; the final part or last stage.
13.
the end of a hunt, race, etc.: a close finish.
14.
a decisive ending: a fight to the finish.
15.
the quality of being finished or completed with smoothness, elegance, etc.: to admire the finish of one's writing.
16.
educational or social polish.
17.
the manner in which an object is perfected or finished in its preparation, or an effect imparted in finishing.
18.
the surface coating or texture of wood, metal, etc.
19.
something used or serving to finish, complete, or perfect a thing.
20.
woodwork or the like, especially in the interior of a building, not essential to the structure but used for purposes of ornament, neatness, etc.: a finish of black walnut.
21.
Also called finish coat, finishing coat. a final coat of plaster or paint.
22.
a material for application in finishing.
23.
Animal Husbandry. the fat tissue of livestock.
24.
the flavor remaining in the mouth after a wine has been swallowed.
Verb phrases
25.
finish with,
a.
to bring to completion: She's finished with her latest novel.
b.
to put aside, break all relations with, or reject finally: He's finished with football and will play only baseball now. After the way they treated us, we're finished with them.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English finisshen < Anglo-French, Middle French finiss-, long stem of finir < Latin fīnīre to end. See fine1

finisher, noun
nonfinishing, adjective, noun
prefinish, verb (used with object), noun

Finnish, finish.


1. terminate, conclude, close. 13. See end1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
finish (ˈfɪnɪʃ)
 
vb (sometimes foll by up) (foll by with)
1.  to bring to an end; complete, conclude, or stop
2.  to be at or come to the end; use up
3.  to bring to a desired or complete condition
4.  to put a particular surface texture on (wood, cloth, etc)
5.  (often foll by off) to destroy or defeat completely
6.  to train (a person) in social graces and talents
7.  a.  to end a relationship or association
 b.  to stop punishing a person: I haven't finished with you yet!
 
n
8.  the final or last stage or part; end
9.  a.  the death, destruction, or absolute defeat of a person or one side in a conflict: a fight to the finish
 b.  the person, event, or thing that brings this about
10.  a.  the surface texture or appearance of wood, cloth, etc: a rough finish
 b.  a preparation, such as varnish, used to produce such a texture
11.  a thing, event, etc, that completes
12.  completeness and high quality of workmanship
13.  refinement in social graces
14.  sport ability to sprint at the end of a race: he has a good finish
 
[C14: from Old French finir, from Latin fīnīre see fine1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

finish
mid-14c., from O.Fr. finiss-, stem of finir, from L. finire "to limit, set bounds, end," from finis "boundary, limit, border, end," of unknown origin, perhaps related to figere "to fasten, fix" (see fix). The noun is first attested 1790. Related: Finished; finishing. Finishing school is from 1836.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

finish

see from soup to nuts (start to finish); in at the death (finish).

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences for finish
The part is sisal buffed and then color buffed to achieve a mirror finish.
The quality of this finish is dependent on the quality of the metal being
  polished.
Some alloys of steel and aluminum cannot be brought to a mirror finish.
Lastly, cotton mops are used to give a mirrorlike finish to the articles.
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