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finite

[fahy-nahyt] /ˈfaɪ naɪt/
adjective
1.
having bounds or limits; not infinite; measurable.
2.
Mathematics.
  1. (of a set of elements) capable of being completely counted.
  2. not infinite or infinitesimal.
  3. not zero.
3.
subject to limitations or conditions, as of space, time, circumstances, or the laws of nature:
man's finite existence on earth.
noun
4.
something that is finite.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Latin fīnītus, past participle of fīnīre to stop, limit. See fine1, -ite2
Related forms
finitely, adverb
finiteness, noun
nonfinite, adjective, noun
nonfinitely, adverb
nonfiniteness, noun
superfinite, adjective
superfinitely, adverb
superfiniteness, noun
unfinite, adjective
Synonyms
1. bounded, limited, circumscribed, restricted.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for finitely

finite

/ˈfaɪnaɪt/
adjective
1.
bounded in magnitude or spatial or temporal extent a finite difference
2.
(maths, logic) having a number of elements that is a natural number; able to be counted using the natural numbers less than some natural number Compare denumerable, infinite (sense 4)
3.
  1. limited or restricted in nature human existence is finite
  2. (as noun) the finite
4.
denoting any form or occurrence of a verb inflected for grammatical features such as person, number, and tense
Derived Forms
finitely, adverb
finiteness, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin fīnītus limited, from fīnīre to limit, end
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for finitely

finite

adj.

early 15c., from Latin finitus, past participle of finire "to limit, set bounds, end," from finis (see finish (v.)). Related: Finitely.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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finitely in Science
finite
  (fī'nīt')   
  1. Relating to a set that cannot be put into a one-to-one correspondence with any proper subset of its own members.

  2. Relating to or being a numerical quantity describing the size of such a set.

  3. Being a member of the set of real or complex numbers.

  4. Being a quantity that is non-zero and not infinite.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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14
15
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