fitzgerald-lorentz contraction

FitzGerald contraction

noun Physics.
the hypothesis that a moving body exhibits a contraction in the direction of motion when its velocity is close to the speed of light.
Also called FitzGerald-Lorentz contraction [fits-jer-uhld lawr-ents, -lohr-] , Lorentz-FitzGerald contraction, Lorentz contraction, length contraction.


Origin:
1915–20; named after G. F. FitzGerald

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Fitzgerald-Lorentz contraction (fɪtsˈdʒɛrəldlɔːˈrɛnts)
 
n
physics the contraction that a moving body exhibits when its velocity approaches that of light
 
[C19: named after G. F. Fitzgerald (1851--1901), Irish physicist, and H. A. Lorentz]

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