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Denotation vs. Connotation

flake1

[fleyk] /fleɪk/
noun
1.
a small, flat, thin piece, especially one that has been or become detached from a larger piece or mass:
flakes of old paint.
2.
any small piece or mass:
a flake of snow.
3.
a stratum or layer.
4.
Slang. an eccentric person; screwball.
5.
Slang. cocaine.
6.
a usually broad, often irregular piece of stone struck from a larger core and sometimes retouched to form a flake tool.
verb (used without object), flaked, flaking.
7.
to peel off or separate in flakes.
8.
to fall in flakes, as snow.
verb (used with object), flaked, flaking.
9.
to remove in flakes.
10.
to break flakes or chips from; break into flakes:
to flake fish for a casserole.
11.
to cover with or as if with flakes.
12.
to form into flakes.
Origin of flake1
1350-1400
1350-1400; (noun) Middle English; akin to Old English flac- in flacox flying (said of arrows), Old Norse flakka to rove, wander, Middle Dutch vlacken to flutter; (in def 4) by back formation from flaky, in sense “eccentric, odd”; (v.) late Middle English: to fall in flakes, derivative of the noun
Related forms
flakeless, adjective
flaker, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for flaker
Historical Examples
  • flaker knew that the reindeer dance was a prayer of the Cave-men to their gods.

    The Later Cave-Men Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
  • When Straightshaft had finished, he dropped the flaker and Fleetfoot picked it up.

    The Later Cave-Men Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
  • See if you can make the speech which Fleetfoot made for flaker.

    The Later Cave-Men Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
  • As Scarface went on he told how Nimble-finger invented the flaker.

    The Later Cave-Men Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
  • flaker performed the magical ceremony before the hunt began.

    The Later Cave-Men Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
  • When the people returned from the feast many forgot about the flaker.

    The Later Cave-Men Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
  • Saying this, flaker picked up a flint point and a flat piece of stone and quickly engraved two herds of wild horses.

    The Later Cave-Men Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
  • So Fleetfoot and flaker learned to fast without a word of complaint.

    The Later Cave-Men Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
  • I believe you are not aware, Mr. flaker, that the young lady you call Miss Gemmell is not my own daughter.

    The Making of Mary Jean Forsyth
  • When summer came, Fleetfoot and flaker watched the bison from day to day.

    The Later Cave-Men Katharine Elizabeth Dopp
British Dictionary definitions for flaker

flake1

/fleɪk/
noun
1.
a small thin piece or layer chipped off or detached from an object or substance; scale
2.
a small piece or particle: a flake of snow
3.
a thin layer or stratum
4.
(archaeol)
  1. a fragment removed by chipping or hammering from a larger stone used as a tool or weapon See also blade
  2. (as modifier): flake tool
5.
(slang, mainly US) an eccentric, crazy, or unreliable person
verb
6.
to peel or cause to peel off in flakes; chip
7.
to cover or become covered with or as with flakes
8.
(transitive) to form into flakes
Derived Forms
flaker, noun
Word Origin
C14: of Scandinavian origin; compare Norwegian flak disc, Middle Dutch vlacken to flutter

flake2

/fleɪk/
noun
1.
a rack or platform for drying fish or other produce
Word Origin
C14: from Old Norse flaki; related to Dutch vlaak hurdle

flake3

/fleɪk/
verb
1.
(nautical) another word for fake1

flake4

/fleɪk/
noun
1.
(in Australia) the commercial name for the meat of the gummy shark
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for flaker

flake

n.

"thin, flat piece," early 14c., possibly from Old English *flacca "flakes of snow," from Old Norse flak "loose or torn piece" (related to Old Norse fla "to skin," see flay), from Proto-Germanic *flago- (cf. Middle Dutch vlac, Dutch vlak "flat, level," Middle High German vlach, German Flocke "flake"); from PIE *plak- (1) "to be flat," extended form of root *pele- (2) "flat, to spread" (see plane (n.1)).

v.

early 15c., "to fall in flakes," from flake (n.). Related: Flaked; flaking.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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flaker in Science
flake
  (flāk)   
  1. A relatively thin, sharp-edged stone fragment removed from a core or from another flake by striking or prying, serving as a tool or blade itself or as a blank for making other tools. See more at flake tool.

  2. A small, symmetrical, six-sided crystal of snow. Flakes can be large or small and wet or dry, depending on weather conditions. They are white in color because of their large number of reflecting surfaces.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for flaker

flake

adjective

: Don't act so flake (1960s+ Baseball)

noun

  1. An eccentric person, esp a colorful individualist; bird: what is known in the trade as a flake, a kook, or a clubhouse lawyer/ Users and flakes clung to her (1950s+ Baseball)
  2. The quality of flamboyant individualism: The Yankees have acquired an amount of ''flake'' (1960s+ Baseball)
  3. A stupid, erratic person; retard (1960s+ Teenagers)
  4. Cocaine (1920s+ Narcotics)
  5. An arrest made in order to meet a quota; accommodation collar (1970s+ Police)

verb

  1. To arrest someone on false or invented charges; frame (1970s+ Police)
  2. To plant evidence on a suspect: I have a throwaway gun. We're going to flake him (1970s+ Police)
  3. To cancel an appointment without notice; STAND someone UP: It is already seven o'clock; I guess he flaked (1980s+ Students)

[all except police senses ultimately fr an attested phrase snow flakes, ''cocaine'']

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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