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flamenco

[flah-meng-koh, fluh-] /flɑˈmɛŋ koʊ, flə-/
noun, plural flamencos.
1.
a style of dancing, characteristic of the Andalusian Gypsies, that is strongly rhythmic and involves vigorous actions, as clapping the hands and stamping the feet.
2.
a style of instrumental or vocal music originating in southern Spain and typically of an intensely rhythmic, improvisatory character, performed by itself or as an accompaniment to flamenco dancing.
adjective
3.
Also, flamencan. of or like the music and dances of the Andalusian Gypsies:
flamenco rhythms.
Origin
1895-1900
1895-1900; < Spanish: pertaining to the Andalusian Gypsies, literally, Fleming; the sense shift is variously explained
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for flamencan

flamenco

/fləˈmɛŋkəʊ/
noun (pl) -cos
1.
a type of dance music for vocal soloist and guitar, characterized by elaborate melody and sad mood
2.
the dance performed to such music
Word Origin
from Spanish: like a gipsy, literally: Fleming, from Middle Dutch Vlaminc Fleming
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for flamencan

flamenco

n.

1896, from Spanish flamenco, first used of Gypsy dancing in Andalusia. The word means "Fleming, native of Flanders" (Dutch Vlaming) and also "flamingo."

Speculation are varied and colorful about the connection between the bird, the people, and the gypsy dance of Andalusia. Spain ruled Flanders for many years, and King Carlos I brought with him to Madrid an entire Flemish court. One etymology suggests the dance was so called from the bright costumes and energetic movements, which the Spanish associated with Flanders; another is that Spaniards, especially Andalusians, like to name things by their opposites, and because the Flemish were tall and blond and the gypsies short and dark, the gypsies were called "Flemish;" others hold that flamenco was the general Spanish word for all foreigners, gypsies included; or that Flemish noblemen, bored with court life, took to partying with the gypsies.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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