a person who feels enmity, hatred, or malice toward another; enemy: a bitter foe.
a military enemy; hostile army.
a person belonging to a hostile army or nation.
an opponent in a game or contest; adversary: a political foe.
a person who is opposed in feeling, principle, etc., to something: a foe to progress in civil rights.
a thing that is harmful to or destructive of something: Sloth is the foe of health.

before 900; Middle English foo, Old English fāh hostile, gefāh enemy; cognate with Old High German gifēh at war. See feud1

1. See enemy. 1, 3–5. opponent, antagonist.

1–3. friend. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
foe (fəʊ)
formal, literary or another word for enemy
[Old English fāh hostile; related to Old High German fēhan to hate, Old Norse feikn dreadful; see feud1]

FoE or FOE
abbreviation for
Friends of the Earth
abbreviation for

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. gefa "adversary in deadly feud," from fah "at feud, hostile," from P.Gmc. *fakhaz (cf. O.H.G. fehan "to hate," Goth. faih "deception"), probably from PIE base *peik- "evil-minded, treacherous, hostile" (cf. Skt. pisunah "malicious," picacah "demon;" Gk. pikros "bitter;" Lith. piktas "wicked, angry,"
pekti "to blame"). Weaker sense of "adversary" is first recorded c.1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Abbreviations & Acronyms
  1. Fraternal Order of Eagles

  2. Friends of the Earth

The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
They team up to form coalitions to overthrow their foes, but they also
  reconcile after a fight.
Artists put the faces of his foes on the bottom of his shoes.
They have been praised and criticized, honored and ridiculed, by foes and fans.
With their large, sharp horns, bison are formidable foes.
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