island of Cape Verde, in the Atlantic Ocean, about 400 miles (640 km) off the West African coast between the islands of Sao Tiago (Santiago) and Brava. The island's active volcano, Pico (9,281 feet [2,829 metres]), is the highest point of the archipelago. Peanuts (groundnuts), beans, coffee, oranges, and tobacco are grown on the north and west sides of the island. The chief town is Sao Filipe, on the west shore. Area 184 square miles (475 square km). Pop. (2000) 37,409.
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