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fold1

[fohld] /foʊld/
verb (used with object)
1.
to bend (cloth, paper, etc.) over upon itself.
2.
to bring into a compact form by bending and laying parts together (often followed by up):
to fold up a map; to fold one's legs under oneself.
3.
to bring (the arms, hands, etc.) together in an intertwined or crossed manner; clasp; cross:
He folded his arms on his chest.
4.
to bend or wind (usually followed by about, round, etc.):
to fold one's arms about a person's neck.
5.
to bring (the wings) close to the body, as a bird on alighting.
6.
to enclose; wrap; envelop:
to fold something in paper.
7.
to embrace or clasp; enfold:
to fold someone in one's arms.
8.
Cards. to place (one's cards) facedown so as to withdraw from the play.
9.
Informal. to bring to an end; close up:
The owner decided to fold the business and retire.
verb (used without object)
10.
to be folded or be capable of folding:
The doors fold back.
11.
Cards. to place one's cards facedown so as to withdraw from the play.
12.
Informal. to fail in business; be forced to close:
The newspaper folded after 76 years.
13.
Informal. to yield or give in:
Dad folded and said we could go after all.
noun
14.
a part that is folded; pleat; layer:
folds of cloth.
15.
a crease made by folding:
He cut the paper along the fold.
16.
a hollow made by folding:
to carry something in the fold of one's dress.
17.
a hollow place in undulating ground:
a fold of the mountains.
18.
Geology. a portion of strata that is folded or bent, as an anticline or syncline, or that connects two horizontal or parallel portions of strata of different levels (as a monocline).
19.
Journalism.
  1. the line formed along the horizontal center of a standard-sized newspaper when it is folded after printing.
  2. a rough-and-ready dividing line, especially on the front page and other principal pages, between stories of primary and lesser importance.
20.
a coil of a serpent, string, etc.
21.
the act of folding or doubling over.
22.
Anatomy. a margin or ridge formed by the folding of a membrane or other flat body part; plica.
Verb phrases
23.
fold in, Cookery. to mix in or add (an ingredient) by gently turning one part over another:
Fold in the egg whites.
24.
fold up, Informal.
  1. to break down; collapse:
    He folded up when the prosecutor discredited his story.
  2. to fail, especially to go out of business.
Origin
900
before 900; (v.) Middle English folden, falden, Old English faldan; cognate with G. falten; (v.) Middle English fald, derivative of the n.; akin to Latin plicāre to fold, plectere to plait, twine, Greek plékein; cf. -fold
Related forms
foldable, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for fold round

fold1

/fəʊld/
verb
1.
to bend or be bent double so that one part covers another: to fold a sheet of paper
2.
(transitive) to bring together and intertwine (the arms, legs, etc): she folded her hands
3.
(transitive) (of birds, insects, etc) to close (the wings) together from an extended position
4.
(transitive; often foll by up or in) to enclose in or as if in a surrounding material
5.
(transitive) foll by in. to clasp (a person) in the arms
6.
(transitive) usually foll by round, about, etc. to wind (around); entwine
7.
(transitive) (poetic) to cover completely: night folded the earth
8.
(transitive) Also fold in. to mix (a whisked mixture) with other ingredients by gently turning one part over the other with a spoon
9.
to produce a bend (in stratified rock) or (of stratified rock) to display a bend
10.
(informal) (intransitive) often foll by up. to collapse; fail: the business folded
noun
11.
a piece or section that has been folded: a fold of cloth
12.
a mark, crease, or hollow made by folding
13.
a hollow in undulating terrain
14.
a bend in stratified rocks that results from movements within the earth's crust and produces such structures as anticlines and synclines
15.
(anatomy) another word for plica (sense 1)
16.
a coil, as in a rope, etc
17.
an act of folding
See also fold up
Derived Forms
foldable, adjective
Word Origin
Old English fealdan; related to Old Norse falda , Old High German faldan, Latin duplus double, Greek haploos simple

fold2

/fəʊld/
noun
1.
  1. a small enclosure or pen for sheep or other livestock, where they can be gathered
  2. the sheep or other livestock gathered in such an enclosure
  3. a flock of sheep
  4. a herd of Highland cattle
2.
a church or the members of it
3.
any group or community sharing a way of life or holding the same values
verb
4.
(transitive) to gather or confine (sheep or other livestock) in a fold
Word Origin
Old English falod; related to Old Saxon faled, Middle Dutch vaelt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fold round

fold

v.

Old English faldan (Mercian), fealdan (West Saxon), transitive, "to bend cloth back over itself," class VII strong verb (past tense feold, past participle fealden), from Proto-Germanic *falthan, *faldan (cf. Middle Dutch vouden, Dutch vouwen, Old Norse falda, Middle Low German volden, Old High German faldan, German falten, Gothic falþan).

The Germanic words are from PIE *pel-to- (cf. Sanskrit putah "fold, pocket," Albanian pale "fold," Middle Irish alt "a joint," Lithuanian pleta "I plait"), from root *pel- (3) "to fold" (cf. Greek ploos "fold," Latin -plus).

The weak form developed from 15c. In late Old English also of the arms. Intransitive sense, "become folded" is from c.1300 (of the body or limbs); earlier "give way, fail" (mid-13c.). Sense of "to yield to pressure" is from late 14c. Related: Folded; folding.

n.

"pen or enclosure for sheep or other domestic animals," Old English falæd, falud "stall, stable, cattle-pen," a general Germanic word (cf. East Frisian folt "enclosure, dunghill," Dutch vaalt "dunghill," Danish fold "pen for sheep"), of uncertain origin. Figurative use by mid-14c.

"a bend or ply in anything," mid-13c., from fold (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fold round in Medicine

fold 1 (fōld)
n.

  1. A crease or ridge apparently formed by folding, as of a membrane; a plica.

  2. In the embryo, a transient elevation or reduplication of tissue in the form of a lamina.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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fold round in Science
fold
  (fōld)   

A bend in a layer of rock or in another planar feature such as foliation or the cleavage of a mineral. Folds occur as the result of deformation, usually associated with plate-tectonic forces.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for fold round

fold

verb
  1. To fail or close, esp in business or show business •The usual term earlier was fold up: If the club folds (1930s+)
  2. To collapse; surrender; give way; cave: After the President jawboned him unmercifully, the Senator folded (1250+)
  3. To drop out of a poker game, indicated by putting all one's cards face down on the table (1940s+ Poker)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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fold round in the Bible

an enclosure for flocks to rest together (Isa. 13:20). Sheep-folds are mentioned Num. 32:16, 24, 36; 2 Sam. 7:8; Zeph. 2:6; John 10:1, etc. It was prophesied of the cities of Ammon (Ezek. 25:5), Aroer (Isa. 17:2), and Judaea, that they would be folds or couching-places for flocks. "Among the pots," of the Authorized Version (Ps. 68:13), is rightly in the Revised Version, "among the sheepfolds."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with fold round
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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8
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