1846, coined by antiquarian William J. Thoms (1803-1885) as an Anglo-Saxonism (replacing popular antiquaries
) and first published in the "Athenaeum"
of Aug. 22, 1846, from folk
. This word revived folk
in a modern sense of "of the common people, whose culture is handed down orally," and opened up a flood of compound formations, eg. folk art