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foreclose

[fawr-klohz, fohr-] /fɔrˈkloʊz, foʊr-/
verb (used with object), foreclosed, foreclosing.
1.
Law.
  1. to deprive (a mortgagor or pledgor) of the right to redeem his or her property, especially on failure to make payment on a mortgage when due, ownership of property then passing to the mortgagee.
  2. to take away the right to redeem (a mortgage or pledge).
2.
to shut out; exclude; bar.
3.
to hinder or prevent, as from doing something.
4.
to establish an exclusive claim to.
5.
to close, settle, or answer beforehand.
verb (used without object), foreclosed, foreclosing.
6.
to foreclose a mortgage or pledge.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English foreclosen < Old French forclos, past participle of forclore to exclude, equivalent to for- out + clore to shut (< Latin claudere)
Related forms
foreclosable, adjective
nonforeclosing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for fore close

foreclose

/fɔːˈkləʊz/
verb
1.
(law) to deprive (a mortgagor, etc) of the right to redeem (a mortgage or pledge)
2.
(transitive) to shut out; bar
3.
(transitive) to prevent or hinder
4.
(transitive) to answer or settle (an obligation, promise, etc) in advance
5.
(transitive) to make an exclusive claim to
Derived Forms
foreclosable, adjective
foreclosure (fɔːˈkləʊʒə) noun
Word Origin
C15: from Old French forclore, from for- out + clore to close, from Latin claudere
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for fore close

foreclose

v.

late 13c., from Old French forclos, past participle of forclore "exclude" (12c.), from fors "out" (Modern French hors; from Latin foris "outside;" see foreign) + clore "to shut" (see close (v.)). Senses in English influenced by words in for-. Specific mortgage law sense is first attested 1728. Related: Foreclosed; foreclosing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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