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forgive

[fer-giv] /fərˈgɪv/
verb (used with object), forgave, forgiven, forgiving.
1.
to grant pardon for or remission of (an offense, debt, etc.); absolve.
2.
to give up all claim on account of; remit (a debt, obligation, etc.).
3.
to grant pardon to (a person).
4.
to cease to feel resentment against:
to forgive one's enemies.
5.
to cancel an indebtedness or liability of:
to forgive the interest owed on a loan.
verb (used without object), forgave, forgiven, forgiving.
6.
to pardon an offense or an offender.
Origin of forgive
900
before 900; for- + give; replacing Middle English foryiven, Old English forgiefan
Related forms
forgivable, adjective
forgiver, noun
half-forgiven, adjective
preforgive, verb (used with object), preforgave, preforgiven, preforgiving.
unforgivable, adjective
unforgivableness, noun
unforgivably, adverb
unforgiven, adjective
Can be confused
commute, forgive, pardon (see synonym study at pardon)
Synonyms
1. See excuse. 3. absolve, acquit.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for forgiven
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • What mistakes and delusions could not be forgiven to one so unwearyingly good?

    The Faith Doctor Edward Eggleston
  • And you cannot have said you were sorry, or he would have forgiven you!

    Weighed and Wanting George MacDonald
  • I had a right to take care of myself; yet will I never be forgiven.

  • It was the first time he had ever felt the cut of a whip, and the blow was not forgiven.

  • In the first place, much could be forgiven to the man who owned Palgrave's Folly.

    Sevenoaks J. G. Holland
British Dictionary definitions for forgiven

forgive

/fəˈɡɪv/
verb -gives, -giving, -gave, -given
1.
to cease to blame or hold resentment against (someone or something)
2.
to grant pardon for (a mistake, wrongdoing, etc)
3.
(transitive) to free or pardon (someone) from penalty
4.
(transitive) to free from the obligation of (a debt, payment, etc)
Derived Forms
forgivable, adjective
forgivably, adverb
forgiver, noun
Word Origin
Old English forgiefan; see for-, give
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for forgiven

forgive

v.

Old English forgiefan "give, grant, allow; forgive," also "to give up" and "to give in marriage;" from for- "completely" + giefan "give" (see give).

The modern sense of "to give up desire or power to punish" is from use of the compound as a Germanic loan-translation of Latin perdonare (cf. Old Saxon fargeban, Dutch vergeven, German vergeben, Gothic fragiban; see pardon). Related: Forgave; forgiven; forgiving.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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