forlorn

[fawr-lawrn]
adjective
1.
desolate or dreary; unhappy or miserable, as in feeling, condition, or appearance.
2.
lonely and sad; forsaken.
3.
expressive of hopelessness; despairing: forlorn glances.
4.
bereft; destitute: forlorn of comfort.

Origin:
before 1150; Middle English foreloren (past participle of forlesen to lose completely), Old English forloren (past participle of forlēosan); cognate with Old High German firliosan (German verlieren), Gothic fraliusan. See for-, lorn

forlornly, adverb
forlornness, noun
unforlorn, adjective


1. pitiful, pitiable, helpless, woebegone, comfortless. 2. alone, lost, solitary. See desolate. 4. deprived.


1. happy. 2. accompanied.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
forlorn (fəˈlɔːn)
 
adj (foll by of)
1.  miserable, wretched, or cheerless; desolate
2.  deserted; forsaken
3.  destitute; bereft: forlorn of hope
4.  desperate: the last forlorn attempt
 
[Old English forloren lost, from forlēosan to lose; related to Old Saxon farliosan, Gothic fraliusan, Greek luein to release]
 
for'lornly
 
adv
 
for'lornness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

forlorn
mid-12c., "depraved," pp. of obsolete forlesan "be deprived of, lose, abandon," from O.E. forleosan, from for- "completely" + leosan "to lose" (see lose). In the Mercian hymns, L. perditionis is glossed by O.E. forlorenisse. Originally "forsaken, abandoned;" sense of "wretched,
miserable" first recorded 1580s. Commonly in forlorn hope (1570s), which is a partial translation of Du. verloren hoop, in which hoop means "troop, band," lit. "heap," and the sense of the whole phrase is of a suicide mission. The phrase is usually used incorrectly in Eng., and the misuse has colored the sense of forlorn. Related: Forlornly; forlornness.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Fine physics fizzled forlornly failing forthrightness' frankness.
It hopes, somewhat forlornly, to influence government policy.
Some of the debtors sitting forlornly in this city's old stone bankruptcy court have lost a job or gotten divorced.
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