formal language

World English Dictionary
formal language
 
n
1.  a language designed for use in situations in which natural language is unsuitable, as for example in mathematics, logic, or computer programming. The symbols and formulas of such languages stand in precisely specified syntactic and semantic relations to one another
2.  logic a logistic system for which an interpretation is provided: distinguished from formal calculus in that the semantics enable it to be regarded as about some subject matter

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Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
Main Entry:  formal language1
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  any language that is ceremonial or using a "high" register or hard words, such as a sermon, lecture, or poetry
Main Entry:  formal language2
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  any language of symbols and formulas developed for systems which cannot work with natural language, such as computer programming and mathematics
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