fossilization

fossilize

[fos-uh-lahyz]
verb (used with object), fossilized, fossilizing.
1.
Geology. to convert into a fossil; replace organic with mineral substances in the remains of an organism.
2.
to change as if into mere lifeless remains or traces of the past.
3.
to make rigidly antiquated: Time has fossilized such methods.
verb (used without object), fossilized, fossilizing.
4.
to become a fossil or fossillike: The plant fossilized in comparatively recent geologic time.
5.
Linguistics. (of a linguistic form, feature, rule, etc.) to become permanently established in the interlanguage of a second-language learner in a form that is deviant from the target-language norm and that continues to appear in performance regardless of further exposure to the target language.
Also, especially British, fossilise.


Origin:
1785–95; fossil + -ize

fossilizable, adjective
fossilization, noun
semifossilized, adjective
unfossilized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
fossilize or fossilise (ˈfɒsɪˌlaɪz)
 
vb
1.  to convert or be converted into a fossil
2.  to become or cause to become antiquated or inflexible
 
fossilise or fossilise
 
vb
 
'fossilizable or fossilise
 
adj
 
'fossilisable or fossilise
 
adj
 
fossili'zation or fossilise
 
n
 
fossili'sation or fossilise
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
fossil  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (fŏs'əl)  Pronunciation Key 
The remains or imprint of an organism from a previous geologic time. A fossil can consist of the preserved tissues of an organism, as when encased in amber, ice, or pitch, or more commonly of the hardened relic of such tissues, as when organic matter is replaced by dissolved minerals. Hardened fossils are often found in layers of sedimentary rock and along the beds of rivers that flow through them. See also index fossil, microfossil, trace fossil.

fossilize verb
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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