frank-pledge

frankpledge

[frangk-plej]
noun Old English Law.
1.
a system of dividing a community into tithings or groups of ten men, each member of which was responsible for the conduct of the other members of his group and for the assurance that a member charged with a breach of the law would be produced at court.
2.
a member of a tithing.
3.
the tithing itself.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English fra(u)nkplegge < Anglo-French frauncplege. See frank1, pledge

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frankpledge (ˈfræŋkˌplɛdʒ)
 
n
1.  the corporate responsibility of members of a tithing for the good behaviour of each other
2.  a member of a tithing
3.  a tithing itself
 
[C15: via Anglo-French from Old French franc free (see frank) + plegepledge]

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