freeze up

freeze-up

[freez-uhp]
noun Informal.
1.
a freezing over of a body of water in an area.
2.
a period of below-freezing temperatures.
3.
the condition of being immobilized or inoperative through freezing: car engine freeze-up in winter.

Origin:
1875–80, Americanism; noun use of verb phrase freeze up

Dictionary.com Unabridged

freeze

[freez]
verb (used without object), froze, frozen, freezing.
1.
to become hardened into ice or into a solid body; change from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat.
2.
to become hard or stiffened because of loss of heat, as objects containing moisture: Meat will freeze in a few hours.
3.
to suffer the effects of intense cold; have the sensation of extreme cold: We sat there freezing until the heat came on.
4.
to be of the degree of cold at which water freezes: It may freeze tonight.
5.
to lose warmth of feeling; be stunned or chilled with fear, shock, etc.: My heart froze when she told me the news.
6.
to become immobilized through fear, shock, etc.: When he got in front of the audience he froze.
7.
to stop suddenly and remain motionless; halt: I froze in my tracks.
8.
to become obstructed by the formation of ice, as pipes: Our basement water pipes often freeze in winter.
9.
to die or be injured because of frost or cold.
10.
(of a screw, nail, or the like) to become rigidly fixed in place, as from rust or dirt.
11.
to become fixed to something by or as if by the action of frost.
12.
to become unfriendly, secretive, or aloof (often followed by up ): He froze at such a personal question.
13.
to become temporarily inoperable; cease to function (often followed by up ): The new software made my computer freeze.
verb (used with object), froze, frozen, freezing.
14.
to harden into ice; change from a fluid to a solid form by loss of heat; congeal.
15.
to form ice on the surface of (a river, pond, etc.).
16.
to harden or stiffen (an object containing moisture) by cold.
17.
to quick-freeze.
18.
to subject to freezing temperature; place in a freezer or in the freezing compartment of a refrigerator.
19.
to cause to suffer the effects of intense cold; produce the sensation of extreme cold in.
20.
to cause to lose warmth as if by cold; chill with fear; dampen the enthusiasm of.
21.
to cause (a person or animal) to become fixed through fright, alarm, shock, etc.: Terror froze him to the steering wheel.
22.
to kill by frost or cold: A late snow froze the buds.
23.
to fix fast with ice: a sled frozen to a sidewalk.
24.
to obstruct or close (a pipe or the like) by the formation of ice: The storm had frozen the hydrant.
25.
to fix (rents, prices, etc.) at a specific amount, usually by government order.
26.
to stop or limit production, use, or development of: an agreement to freeze nuclear weapons.
27.
Finance. to render impossible of liquidation or collection: Bank loans are frozen in business depressions.
28.
Surgery. to render part of the body insensitive to pain or slower in its function by artificial means.
29.
Cards.
a.
Canasta. to play a wild card on (the discard pile) so as to make it frozen.
b.
Poker. to eliminate (other players) in a game of freezeout.
30.
to photograph (a moving subject) at a shutter speed fast enough to produce an unblurred, seemingly motionless image.
31.
Movies. to stop by means of a freeze-frame mechanism: You can freeze the action at any point.
32.
Sports. to maintain possession of (a ball or puck) for as long as possible, usually without trying to score, thereby reducing the opponent's opportunities for scoring.
33.
Ice Hockey. to hold (a puck) against the boards with the skates or stick, causing play to stop and forcing a face-off.
noun
34.
the act of freezing; state of being frozen.
35.
Also called ice-up. Meteorology. a widespread occurrence of temperatures below 32°F (0°C) persisting for at least several days: A freeze is expected in the coastal areas.
36.
a frost.
37.
a legislative action, especially in time of national emergency, to control prices, rents, production, etc.: The government put a freeze on new construction.
38.
a decision by one or more nations to stop or limit production or development of weapons, especially nuclear weapons.
Verb phrases
39.
freeze on/onto, Informal. to adhere closely to; hold on; seize.
40.
freeze out, to exclude or compel (somebody) to withdraw from membership, acceptance, a position of influence or advantage, etc., by cold treatment or severe competition.
41.
freeze over, to coat or become coated with ice: The lake freezes over for several months each year.

Origin:
before 1000; (v.) Middle English fresen, Old English frēosan; cognate with Middle Low German vrēsen, Old Norse frjōsa, Old High German friosan (German frieren); (noun) late Middle English frese, derivative of the v.

freezable, adjective
freezability, noun
defreeze, verb (used with object), defroze, defrozen, defreezing.
nonfreezable, adjective
postfreeze, adjective
prefreeze, verb (used with object), prefroze, prefrozen, prefreezing.
refreezable, adjective
refreeze, verb, refroze, refrozen, refreezing.
unfreezable, adjective

freeze, frieze.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
freeze (friːz)
 
vb (when intr, sometimes foll by over or up) (foll by onto) , freezes, freezing, froze, frozen
1.  to change (a liquid) into a solid as a result of a reduction in temperature, or (of a liquid) to solidify in this way, esp to convert or be converted into ice
2.  to cover, clog, or harden with ice, or become so covered, clogged, or hardened: the lake froze over last week
3.  to fix fast or become fixed (to something) because of the action of frost
4.  (tr) to preserve (food) by subjection to extreme cold, as in a freezer
5.  to feel or cause to feel the sensation or effects of extreme cold
6.  to die or cause to die of frost or extreme cold
7.  to become or cause to become paralysed, fixed, or motionless, esp through fear, shock, etc: he froze in his tracks
8.  (tr) to cause (moving film) to stop at a particular frame
9.  to decrease or cause to decrease in animation or vigour
10.  to make or become formal, haughty, etc, in manner
11.  (tr) to fix (prices, incomes, etc) at a particular level, usually by government direction
12.  (tr) to forbid by law the exchange, liquidation, or collection of (loans, assets, etc)
13.  (tr) to prohibit the manufacture, sale, or use of (something specified)
14.  (tr) to stop (a process) at a particular stage of development
15.  informal (tr) to render (tissue or a part of the body) insensitive, as by the application or injection of a local anaesthetic
16.  informal chiefly (US) to cling
 
n
17.  the act of freezing or state of being frozen
18.  meteorol a spell of temperatures below freezing point, usually over a wide area
19.  the fixing of incomes, prices, etc, by legislation
20.  another word for frost
 
sentence substitute
21.  chiefly (US) a command to stop still instantly or risk being shot
 
[Old English frēosan; related to Old Norse frjōsa, Old High German friosan, Latin prūrīre to itch; see frost]
 
'freezable
 
adj

freeze-up
 
n
1.  a period of freezing or extremely cold weather
2.  (US), (Canadian)
 a.  the freezing of lakes, rivers, and topsoil in autumn or early winter
 b.  the time of year when this occurs

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

freeze
O.E. freosan "turn to ice" (class II strong verb; past tense freas, pp. froren), from P.Gmc. *freusanan (cf. O.N. frjosa, O.H.G. friosan, Ger. frieren "to freeze," Goth. frius "frost"), from P.Gmc. *freus-, equivalent to PIE base *preus- "to freeze," also "to burn" (cf. Skt. prusva, L. pruina "hoarfrost,"
Welsh rhew "frost," Skt. prustah "burnt," Albanian prus "burning coals," L. pruna "a live coal"). Transitive sense first recorded 14c., figurative sense c.1400. Meaning "become rigid or motionless" first recorded 1848, in "Jane Eyre." Sense of "fix at a certain level, make non-transactable" is 1922. Archaic frore "frosty, frozen" can be found in poetry as late as Keats; it is from O.E. frorer, pp. of freosan. Freeze frame is from 1960, originally "a briefly Frozen Shot after the Jingle to allow ample time for Change over at the end of a T.V. 'Commercial.' " ["ABC of Film & TV," 1960].
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

freeze (frēz)
v. froze (frōz), fro·zen (frō'zən), freez·ing, freez·es

  1. To pass from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat.

  2. To make or become congealed, stiffened, or hardened by exposure to cold.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
freeze   (frēz)  Pronunciation Key 
To change from a liquid to a solid state by cooling or being cooled to the freezing point.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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