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freshen

[fresh-uh n] /ˈfrɛʃ ən/
verb (used with object)
1.
to make fresh; refresh, revive, or renew:
We need a good rain to freshen the flowers.
2.
to remove saltiness from.
3.
Nautical. to preserve (a rope in use) from prolonged friction or concentrated stress on any one part.
verb (used without object)
4.
to become or grow fresh.
5.
  1. to commence giving milk after calving.
  2. to give birth.
Verb phrases
6.
freshen up, to make oneself feel freshly clean or neat, as by washing, changing clothes, etc.:
to freshen up after a long trip.
Origin
1690-1700
1690-1700; fresh + -en1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for freshen up

freshen

/ˈfrɛʃən/
verb
1.
to make or become fresh or fresher
2.
(often foll by up) to refresh (oneself), esp by washing
3.
(intransitive) (of the wind) to increase
4.
to lose or cause to lose saltiness
5.
(intransitive) (mainly US)
  1. (of farm animals) to give birth
  2. (of cows) to commence giving milk after calving
Derived Forms
freshener, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for freshen up

freshen

v.

1690s, from fresh (adj.1) + -en (1). Related: Freshened; freshening. To freshen a drink, "top it off" is from 1961. The earlier verb was simply fresh (mid-14c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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