fringe

[frinj]
noun
1.
a decorative border of thread, cord, or the like, usually hanging loosely from a raveled edge or separate strip.
2.
anything resembling or suggesting this: a fringe of grass around a swimming pool.
3.
an outer edge; margin; periphery: on the fringe of the art world.
4.
something regarded as peripheral, marginal, secondary, or extreme in relation to something else: the lunatic fringe of a strong political party.
5.
Optics. one of the alternate light and dark bands produced by diffraction or interference.
verb (used with object), fringed, fringing.
7.
to furnish with or as if with a fringe.
8.
to serve as a fringe for, or to be arranged around or along so as to suggest a fringe: armed guards fringing the building.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English frenge < Old French (French frange) < Vulgar Latin *frimbia, metathetic variant of Late Latin fimbria, Latin fimbriae fringe

fringeless, adjective
fringelike, adjective
fringy, adjective
underfringe, noun
unfringe, verb (used with object), unfringed, unfringing.


2. edge, border, skirt, rim.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fringe (frɪndʒ)
 
n
1.  an edging consisting of hanging threads, tassels, etc
2.  a.  an outer edge; periphery
 b.  (as modifier): fringe dwellers; a fringe area
3.  (modifier) unofficial; not conventional in form: fringe theatre
4.  chiefly (Brit) a section of the front hair cut short over the forehead
5.  an ornamental border or margin
6.  physics any of the light and dark or coloured bands produced by diffraction or interference of light
 
vb
7.  to adorn or fit with a fringe or fringes
8.  to be a fringe for: fur fringes the satin
 
[C14: from Old French frenge, ultimately from Latin fimbria fringe, border; see fimbria]
 
'fringeless
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fringe
mid-14c., from O.Fr. frenge (1316), from V.L. *frimbia, metathesis of L. fimbriæ (pl.) ibers, threads, fringe," of uncertain origin. Figurative sense of "outer edge, margin," is first recorded 1894. As a verb, from late 15c. Related: Fringed; fringes. Fringe benefits is recorded from 1952.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Once valued for its bold effect in garden fringes and near water and for use as
  a fast-growing windbreak.
The cormorant nests are clustered on the ground on the outer fringes of the
  island.
Academic buildings are positioned on the outer fringes along the water, and
  students sit on benches, studying.
It usually occurs outside of the two-party mainstream, on the political and
  cultural fringes.
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