fronde

World English Dictionary
Fronde (frɒnd, French frɔ̃d)
 
n
French history either of two rebellious movements against the ministry of Cardinal Mazarin in the reign of Louis XIV, the first led by the parlement of Paris (1648--49) and the second by the princes (1650--53)
 
[C18: from French, literally: sling, the insurgent parliamentarians being likened to naughty schoolboys using slings]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Fronde
1798, from Fr., lit. "sling," from L. funda "casting net," of unknown origin. Name given to the party which rose against Mazarin and the court during the minority of Louis XIV. Hence, sometimes used figuratively for "violent political opposition."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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