a person who is fleeing, from prosecution, intolerable circumstances, etc.; a runaway: a fugitive from justice; a fugitive from a dictatorial regime.
having taken flight, or run away: a fugitive slave.
fleeting; transitory; elusive: fugitive thoughts that could not be formulated.
Fine Arts. changing color as a result of exposure to light and chemical substances present in the atmosphere, in other pigments, or in the medium.
dealing with subjects of passing interest, as writings; ephemeral: fugitive essays.
wandering, roving, or vagabond: a fugitive carnival.

1350–1400; < Latin fugitīvus fleeing, equivalent to fugit(us) (past participle of fugere to flee) + -īvus -ive; replacing Middle English fugitif < Old French

fugitively, adverb
fugitiveness, fugitivity, noun
nonfugitive, adjective, noun
nonfugitively, adverb
nonfugitiveness, noun
unfugitive, adjective
unfugitively, adverb

3. transient, passing, flitting, flying, brief, temporary. 5. momentary, evanescent, trivial, light. 6. straying, roaming.

3, 4. permanent. 5. lasting.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fugitive (ˈfjuːdʒɪtɪv)
1.  a person who flees
2.  a thing that is elusive or fleeting
3.  fleeing, esp from arrest or pursuit
4.  not permanent; fleeting; transient
5.  moving or roving about
[C14: from Latin fugitīvus fleeing away, from fugere to take flight, run away]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from O.Fr. fugitif, from L. fugitivus "fleeing" (but commonly used as a noun meaning "runaway"), from stem of fugere "run away, flee," from PIE base *bheug- "to flee" (cf. Gk. pheugein "to flee," Lith. bugstu "be frightened"). Replaced O.E. flyma. From 17c.-19c. English had the useful adj.
fugacious "likely to flee."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Fugitive definition

Gen. 4:12, 14, a rover or wanderer (Heb. n'a); Judg. 12:4, a refugee, one who has escaped (Heb. palit); 2 Kings 25:11, a deserter, one who has fallen away to the enemy (Heb. nophel); Ezek. 17:21, one who has broken away in flight (Heb. mibrah); Isa. 15:5; 43:14, a breaker away, a fugitive (Heb. beriah), one who flees away.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
The team will stay here for a month, using dogs to sniff out fugitives.
The cities fill with fugitives who speak of the horror in hushed voices.
Three or four soldiers stood on the lawn of the inn, staring and jesting at the
  fugitives, without offering to help.
Some cities had been founded in wild and remote situations, by fugitives who
  had escaped from the rage of the barbarians.
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