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fumaric acid

noun
1.
a colorless, odorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C 4 H 4 O 4 , isomeric with maleic acid, essential to cellular respiration in most eukaryotic organisms: used in the making of synthetic resins and as a replacement for tartaric acid in beverages and baking powders.
Also called boletic acid, lichenic acid.
Origin
1875-1880
1875-80
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for fumaric acid

fumaric acid

/fjuːˈmærɪk/
noun
1.
a colourless crystalline acid with a fruity taste, found in some plants and manufactured from benzene; trans-butenedioic acid: used esp in synthetic resins. Formula: HCOOCH:CHCOOH
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin Fumāria name of genus, from Late Latin: fumitory, from Latin fūmus smoke
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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fumaric acid in Medicine

fumaric acid fu·mar·ic acid (fyōō-mār'ĭk)
n.
An organic acid that is formed from succinic acid and is an intermediate in the Krebs cycle.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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fumaric acid in Science
fumaric acid
  (fy-mār'ĭk)   
A colorless crystalline compound found in various plants and produced synthetically. It is used mainly in resins, paints, varnishes, and inks. Fumaric acid is a geometric isomer of maleic acid, having two carboxyl (COOH) groups attached on opposite sides of an ethylene chain. Chemical formula: C4H4O2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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