fumaric acid

fumaric acid

noun
a colorless, odorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C 4 H 4 O 4 , isomeric with maleic acid, essential to cellular respiration in most eukaryotic organisms: used in the making of synthetic resins and as a replacement for tartaric acid in beverages and baking powders.


Origin:
1875–80

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Collins
World English Dictionary
fumaric acid (fjuːˈmærɪk)
 
n
a colourless crystalline acid with a fruity taste, found in some plants and manufactured from benzene; trans-butenedioic acid: used esp in synthetic resins. Formula: HCOOCH:CHCOOH
 
[C19: from New Latin Fumāria name of genus, from Late Latin: fumitory, from Latin fūmus smoke]

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

fumaric acid fu·mar·ic acid (fyōō-mār'ĭk)
n.
An organic acid that is formed from succinic acid and is an intermediate in the Krebs cycle.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
fumaric acid   (fy-mār'ĭk)  Pronunciation Key 
A colorless crystalline compound found in various plants and produced synthetically. It is used mainly in resins, paints, varnishes, and inks. Fumaric acid is a geometric isomer of maleic acid, having two carboxyl (COOH) groups attached on opposite sides of an ethylene chain. Chemical formula: C4H4O2.
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Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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