fund amental tone

fundamental

[fuhn-duh-men-tl]
adjective
1.
serving as, or being an essential part of, a foundation or basis; basic; underlying: fundamental principles; the fundamental structure.
2.
of, pertaining to, or affecting the foundation or basis: a fundamental revision.
3.
being an original or primary source: a fundamental idea.
4.
Music. (of a chord) having its root as its lowest note.
noun
5.
a basic principle, rule, law, or the like, that serves as the groundwork of a system; essential part: to master the fundamentals of a trade.
6.
Also called fundamental note, fundamental tone. Music.
a.
the root of a chord.
b.
the generator of a series of harmonics.
7.
Physics. the component of lowest frequency in a composite wave.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Medieval Latin fundāmentālis of, belonging to a foundation. See fundament, -al1

fundamentality, fundamentalness, noun
fundamentally, adverb
nonfundamental, adjective, noun
nonfundamentally, adverb
unfundamental, adjective
unfundamentally, adverb


1. indispensable, primary.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fundamental (ˌfʌndəˈmɛntəl)
 
adj
1.  of, involving, or comprising a foundation; basic
2.  of, involving, or comprising a source; primary
3.  music denoting or relating to the principal or lowest note of a harmonic series
4.  of or concerned with the component of lowest frequency in a complex vibration
 
n
5.  a principle, law, etc, that serves as the basis of an idea or system
6.  a.  the principal or lowest note of a harmonic series
 b.  the bass note of a chord in root position
7.  physics fundamental frequency, Also called: first harmonic
 a.  the component of lowest frequency in a complex vibration
 b.  the frequency of this component
 
fundamen'tality
 
n
 
funda'mentalness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fundamental
mid-15c., "primary, original, pertaining to a foundation," modeled on L.L. fundamentalis "of the foundation," from L. fundamentum "foundation" (see fundament). Related: Fundamentally. Fundamentals "primary principles or rules" of anything is from 1630s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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