fur lough

furlough

[fur-loh]
noun
1.
Military. a vacation or leave of absence granted to an enlisted person.
2.
a usually temporary layoff from work: Many plant workers have been forced to go on furlough.
3.
a temporary leave of absence authorized for a prisoner from a penitentiary.
verb (used with object)
4.
to grant a furlough to.
5.
to lay (an employee or worker) off from work, usually temporarily.

Origin:
1615–25; variant of earlier furlogh, furloff < Dutch verlof leave, permission; current pronunciation by association with dough, etc.

prefurlough, noun
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World English Dictionary
furlough (ˈfɜːləʊ)
 
n
1.  leave of absence from military duty
2.  (US) a temporary laying-off of employees, usually because there is insufficient work to occupy them
 
vb
3.  to grant a furlough to
4.  (US) to lay off (staff) temporarily
 
[C17: from Dutch verlof, from ver-for- + lof leave, permission; related to Swedish förlof]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

furlough
1620s, from Du. verlof, lit. "permission," from M.Du. ver- "completely, for" + laf, lof "permission," which is related to the second element in believe and to leave (n.). The -gh spelling developed by 1770s and represents an "f" that was once
pronounced at the end of the word but disappeared fairly soon in English. The verb is from 1783. Related: Furloughed; furloughing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Synonyms
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