furnaces

furnace

[fur-nis]
noun
1.
a structure or apparatus in which heat may be generated, as for heating houses, smelting ores, or producing steam.
2.
a place characterized by intense heat: The volcano was a seething furnace.
3.
(initial capital letter) Astronomy. the constellation Fornax.
verb (used with object), furnaced, furnacing.
4.
to heat (a metal piece) in a furnace.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English furneis, furnais < Old French fornais, fournais < Latin fornāc- (stem of fornāx kiln, oven), akin to formus warm

furnacelike, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
furnace (ˈfɜːnɪs)
 
n
1.  an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to generate steam, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc
2.  a very hot or stifling place
 
[C13: from Old French fornais, from Latin fornax oven, furnace; related to Latin formus warm]
 
'furnace-like
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

furnace
early 13c., from O.Fr. fornais, from L. fornacem (nom. fornax) "an oven, kiln," related to fornus, furnus "oven," and to formus "warm," from PIE base *ghworm- "warm" (cf. Gk. thermos, O.E. wearm; see warm).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Furnace definition


(1.) Chald. attun, a large furnace with a wide open mouth, at the top of which materials were cast in (Dan. 3:22, 23; comp. Jer. 29:22). This furnace would be in constant requisition, for the Babylonians disposed of their dead by cremation, as did also the Accadians who invaded Mesopotamia. (2.) Heb. kibshan, a smelting furnace (Gen. 19:28), also a lime-kiln (Isa. 33:12; Amos 2:1). (3.) Heb. kur, a refining furnace (Prov. 17:3; 27:21; Ezek. 22:18). (4.) Heb. alil, a crucible; only used in Ps. 12:6. (5.) Heb. tannur, oven for baking bread (Gen. 15:17; Isa. 31:9; Neh. 3:11). It was a large pot, narrowing towards the top. When it was heated by a fire made within, the dough was spread over the heated surface, and thus was baked. "A smoking furnace and a burning lamp" (Gen. 15:17), the symbol of the presence of the Almighty, passed between the divided pieces of Abraham's sacrifice in ratification of the covenant God made with him. (See OVEN.) (6.) Gr. kamnos, a furnace, kiln, or oven (Matt. 13:42, 50; Rev. 1:15; 9:2).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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