(sometimes initial capital letter) a style of the fine arts developed originally by a group of Italian artists about 1910 in which forms derived chiefly from cubism were used to represent rapid movement and dynamic motion.
(often initial capital letter) a style of art, literature, music, etc., and a theory of art and life in which violence, power, speed, mechanization or machines, and hostility to the past or to traditional forms of expression were advocated or portrayed.

1905–10; < Italian futurismo. See future, -ism

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World English Dictionary
futurism (ˈfjuːtʃəˌrɪzəm)
an artistic movement that arose in Italy in 1909 to replace traditional aesthetic values with the characteristics of the machine age
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1909, from It. futurismo, coined 1909 by It. poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876-1944); see future + -ism. Futurist is attested from 1842, originally theological.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
For younger people, this is the challenge of a generation--a clash between innovative futurism and pessimism.
Futurism had a distinct time, place and description, and none of the music offered here fits the last two of these.
The newspaper was a mainstay of the artistic movement known as futurism.
But for purposes of futurism, growth in educational spending may be more to the point.
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