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sleeping car on a passenger train, 1867, Pullman car, in recognition of U.S. inventor George M. Pullman (1831-1897) of Chicago, who designed a railroad car with folding berths.
The Pullman Sleeping Car.--"The Western World." This splendid specimen of car architecture, being one of a number of sleeping-cars to be completed for the Michigan Central road, by Mr. Pullman, has created a great sensation among railway circles east. ... The car itself is admitted by all who have seen it to be, in the matter of sleeping and cooking accessories, and superb finish, the ne plus ultra of perfection. Nothing before has been seen to equal, much less surpass it. ["Western Railroad Gazette," Chicago, quoted in "Appleton's Illustrated Railway and Steam Navigation Guide," New York, June, 1867]
city, Whitman county, southeastern Washington, U.S. It lies at the edge of a major wheat belt, on the South Fork of the Palouse River, near Moscow, Idaho, and the Idaho state line. It was settled in 1875 by Bolin Farr, who in 1882 laid out the town of Three Forks (so named for the confluence of Missouri Flat Creek, Dry Fork Creek, and the South Fork of the Palouse). Renamed for George M. Pullman, inventor of the railroad sleeping car, it was reached by a railroad spur in 1885 and suffered a disastrous fire in 1890. Later it became a major stop on the Northern Pacific Railway and developed as a shipping point for grain and livestock. Washington State University (which began there in 1890 as a land-grant agricultural college) adds significantly to the city's economy. Inc. 1888. Pop. (1990) 23,478; (2000) 24,675.