World English Dictionary
gauge or gage (ɡeɪdʒ)
1.  to measure or determine the amount, quantity, size, condition, etc, of
2.  to estimate or appraise; judge
3.  to check for conformity or bring into conformity with a standard measurement, dimension, etc
4.  a standard measurement, dimension, capacity, or quantity
5.  any of various instruments for measuring a quantity: a pressure gauge
6.  any of various devices used to check for conformity with a standard measurement
7.  a standard or means for assessing; test; criterion
8.  scope, capacity, or extent
9.  the diameter of the barrel of a gun, esp a shotgun
10.  the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of wire
11.  the distance between the rails of a railway track: in Britain 4 ft 8½ in. (1.435 m)
12.  the distance between two wheels on the same axle of a vehicle, truck, etc
13.  nautical the position of a vessel in relation to the wind and another vessel. One vessel may be windward (weather gauge) or leeward (lee gauge) of the other
14.  the proportion of plaster of Paris added to mortar to accelerate its setting
15.  the distance between the nails securing the slates, tiles, etc, of a roof
16.  a measure of the fineness of woven or knitted fabric, usually expressed as the number of needles used per inch
17.  the width of motion-picture film or magnetic tape
18.  See also absolute (of a pressure measurement) measured on a pressure gauge that registers zero at atmospheric pressure; above or below atmospheric pressure: 5 bar gauge
[C15: from Old Northern French, probably of Germanic origin]
gage or gage
[C15: from Old Northern French, probably of Germanic origin]
'gaugeable or gage
'gageable or gage
'gaugeably or gage
'gageably or gage

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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