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galliard

[gal-yerd] /ˈgæl yərd/
noun
1.
a spirited dance for two dancers in triple rhythm, common in the 16th and 17th centuries.
Also, gaillard.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Middle French gaillard, noun use of adj.: lively, vigorous (> Middle English gaillard, late Middle English galyarde), probably < Gallo-Romance *galia < Celtic (compare MIr gal warlike ardor, valor); see -ard
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gal liard

galliard

/ˈɡæljəd/
noun
1.
a spirited dance in triple time for two persons, popular in the 16th and 17th centuries
2.
a piece of music composed for this dance
adjective
3.
(archaic) lively; spirited
Word Origin
C14: from Old French gaillard valiant, perhaps of Celtic origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for gal liard

galliard

(French gaillard: "lively"), vigorous 16th-century European court dance. Its four hopping steps and one high leap permitted athletic gentlemen to show off for their partners. Performed as the afterdance of the stately pavane, the galliard originated in 15th-century Italy. It was especially fashionable from c. 1530 to 1620 in France, Spain, and England, where it was often called the cinquepace after its five basic steps (French cinqpas). Queen Elizabeth I is said to have practiced galliards as her morning exercise

Learn more about galliard with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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4
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