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galvanize

[gal-vuh-nahyz] /ˈgæl vəˌnaɪz/
verb (used with object), galvanized, galvanizing.
1.
to stimulate by or as if by a galvanic current.
2.
Medicine/Medical. to stimulate or treat (muscles or nerves) with induced direct current (distinguished from faradize).
3.
to startle into sudden activity; stimulate.
4.
to coat (metal, especially iron or steel) with zinc.
Also, especially British, galvanise.
Origin
1795-1805
1795-1805; < French galvaniser, named after Luigi Galvani; see -ize
Related forms
galvanization, noun
galvanizer, noun
nongalvanized, adjective
pregalvanize, verb (used with object), pregalvanized, pregalvanizing.
regalvanization, noun
regalvanize, verb (used with object), regalvanized, regalvanizing.
ungalvanized, adjective
Synonyms
3. rouse, stir, electrify, fire, spur, animate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for galvanization

galvanize

/ˈɡælvəˌnaɪz/
verb (transitive)
1.
to stimulate to action; excite; startle
2.
to cover (iron, steel, etc) with a protective zinc coating by dipping into molten zinc or by electrodeposition
3.
to stimulate by application of an electric current
noun
4.
(Caribbean) galvanized iron, usually in the form of corrugated sheets as used in roofing
Derived Forms
galvanization, galvanisation, noun
galvanizer, galvaniser, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for galvanization
n.

1798, noun of action from galvanize.

galvanize

v.

1802, from French galvaniser, from galvanisme (see galvanism). Figurative sense of "excite, stimulate (as if by electricity)" first recorded 1853. Meaning "to coat with metal by means of galvanic electricity" (especially to plate iron with tin, but now typically to plate it with zinc) is from 1839.

He'll swear that in her dancing she cuts all others out,
Though like a Gal that's galvanized, she throws her legs about.
[Thomas Hood, "Love has not Eyes," 1845]
Related: Galvanized; galvanizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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