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gamboge

[gam-bohj, -boozh] /gæmˈboʊdʒ, -ˈbuʒ/
noun
1.
Also, cambogia. a gum resin from various Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, especially G. hanburyi, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic.
2.
yellow or yellow-orange.
Origin
1625-1635
1625-35; < New Latin gambog- (stem of gambogium), variant of cambog-, after Cambodia
Related forms
gambogian, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gambogian

gamboge

/ɡæmˈbəʊdʒ; -ˈbuːʒ/
noun
1.
  1. a gum resin used as the source of a yellow pigment and as a purgative
  2. the pigment made from this resin
2.
gamboge tree, any of several tropical Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, esp G. hanburyi, that yield this resin: family Clusiaceae
3.
a strong yellow colour
Also called (for senses 1, 2) cambogia
Derived Forms
gambogian, adjective
Word Origin
C18: from New Latin gambaugium, from Cambodia
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for gambogian

gamboge

hard, brittle gum resin that is obtained from various Southeast Asian trees of the genus Garcinia and is used as a colour vehicle and in medicine. Gamboge is orange to brown in colour and when powdered turns bright yellow. Artists use it as a pigment and as a colouring matter for varnishes. In medicine and veterinary medicine it is a drastic cathartic. On the skin it has a severe irritant effect. Gamboge was probably brought into Europe from the East at the close of the 16th century.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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