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geld1

[geld] /gɛld/
verb (used with object), gelded or gelt, gelding.
1.
to castrate (an animal, especially a horse).
2.
to take strength, vitality, or power from; weaken or subdue.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English gelden < Old Norse gelda
Related forms
gelder, noun
ungelded, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gelder

geld1

/ɡɛld/
verb (transitive) gelds, gelding, gelded, gelt
1.
to castrate (a horse or other animal)
2.
to deprive of virility or vitality; emasculate; weaken
Derived Forms
gelder, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old Norse gelda, from geldr barren

geld2

/ɡɛld/
noun
1.
a tax on land levied in late Anglo-Saxon and Norman England
Word Origin
Old English gield service, tax; related to Old Norse gjald tribute, Old Frisian jeld, Old High German gelt retribution, income
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for gelder
geld
"royal tax in Medieval England," O.E. gield "payment, tribute" (cf. M.H.G. gelt "payment, contribution," Ger. geld "money," O.N. gjald "payment," Goth. gild "tribute, tax"), from PIE base of yield (q.v.).
geld
"to castrate," c.1300, from O.N. gelda "castrate," from geldr "barren," from P.Gmc. *galdu- (cf. O.H.G. galt "barren," said of a cow). The noun gelding (1296) is from O.N. geldingr.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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