gem-mule

gemmule

[jem-yool]
noun
1.
Botany, gemma.
2.
Zoology. an asexually produced mass of cells that is capable of developing into an animal, as a freshwater sponge.
3.
Evolution. one of the hypothetical living units conceived by Darwin in the theory of pangenesis as the bearers of the hereditary attributes.

Origin:
1835–45; < French < Latin gemmula. See gemma, -ule

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World English Dictionary
gemmule (ˈdʒɛmjuːl)
 
n
1.  zoology a cell or mass of cells produced asexually by sponges and developing into a new individual; bud
2.  botany a small gemma
3.  a small hereditary particle postulated by Darwin in his theory of pangenesis
 
[C19: from French, from Latin gemmula a little bud; see gem]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

gemmule gem·mule (jěm'yōōl)
n.
The small bud that projects from the parent cell during gemmation.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
gemmule   (jěm'yl)  Pronunciation Key 
A small gemma or similar structure, especially a reproductive structure in some sponges that remains dormant through the winter and later develops into a new individual.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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