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gemeinschaft

[German guh-mahyn-shahft] /German gəˈmaɪnˌʃɑft/
noun, plural gemeinschaften
[German guh-mahyn-shahf-tuh n] /German gəˈmaɪnˌʃɑf tən/ (Show IPA).
(often initial capital letter)
1.
an association of individuals having sentiments, tastes, and attitudes in common; fellowship.
2.
Sociology. a society or group characterized chiefly by a strong sense of common identity, close personal relationships, and an attachment to traditional and sentimental concerns.
Compare Gesellschaft
Origin
1935-1940
1935-40; < German: community, equivalent to gemein common + -schaft -ship
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gemeinschaft

gemeinschaft

/German ɡəˈmainʃaft/
noun (pl) -schaften (German) (-ʃaftən)
1.
(often capital) a social group united by common beliefs, family ties, etc Compare gesellschaft
Word Origin
German, literally: community
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for gemeinschaft
n.

1887, from German gemeinschaft "social relationship based on affection or kinship" (contrasted with gesellschaft), from gemein "common, general" + -schaft "-ship."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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