[German guh-mahyn-shahft]
noun, plural gemeinschaften [German guh-mahyn-shahf-tuhn] . (often initial capital letter)
an association of individuals having sentiments, tastes, and attitudes in common; fellowship.
Sociology. a society or group characterized chiefly by a strong sense of common identity, close personal relationships, and an attachment to traditional and sentimental concerns.
Compare Gesellschaft.

1935–40; < German: community, equivalent to gemein common + -schaft -ship Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
gemeinschaft (German ɡəˈmainʃaft)
n , pl -schaften
(often capital) Compare gesellschaft a social group united by common beliefs, family ties, etc
[German, literally: community]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1887, from Ger., "social relationship based on affection or kinship" (contrasted with gesellschaft), from gemein "common, general" + -schaft "-ship."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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