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gemma

[jem-uh] /ˈdʒɛm ə/
noun, plural gemmae
[jem-ee] /ˈdʒɛm i/ (Show IPA)
1.
a bud.
2.
Botany. a cell or cluster of cells, or a leaflike or budlike body, that separates from the parent plant to form a new organism, as in mosses and liverworts.
Origin
1760-1770
1760-70; < Latin: bud, gem
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gemmae

gemma

/ˈdʒɛmə/
noun (pl) -mae (-miː)
1.
a small asexual reproductive structure in liverworts, mosses, etc, that becomes detached from the parent and develops into a new individual
2.
(zoology) another name for gemmule (sense 1)
Derived Forms
gemmaceous (dʒɛˈmeɪʃəs) adjective
Word Origin
C18: from Latin: bud, gem
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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gemmae in Science
gemma
  (jěm'ə)   
Plural gemmae (jěm'ē')
A budlike mass of undifferentiated tissue which serves as a means of vegetative reproduction among mosses and liverworts. The gemmae, often formed in structures called gemma cups, are usually dispersed from the parent plant by the splashing of raindrops, after which they develop into new individuals.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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