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genius

[jeen-yuh s] /ˈdʒin yəs/
noun, plural geniuses for 2, 3, 8, genii
[jee-nee-ahy] /ˈdʒi niˌaɪ/ (Show IPA),
for 6, 7, 9, 10.
1.
an exceptional natural capacity of intellect, especially as shown in creative and original work in science, art, music, etc.:
the genius of Mozart.
2.
a person having such capacity.
3.
a person having an extraordinarily high intelligence rating on a psychological test, as an IQ above 140.
4.
natural ability or capacity; strong inclination:
a special genius for leadership.
5.
distinctive character or spirit, as of a nation, period, or language.
6.
the guardian spirit of a place, institution, etc.
7.
either of two mutually opposed spirits, one good and the other evil, supposed to attend a person throughout life.
8.
a person who strongly influences for good or ill the character, conduct, or destiny of a person, place, or thing:
Rasputin, the evil genius of Russian politics.
9.
Islamic Mythology, jinn; genie.
10.
genie (def 3).
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin: tutelary deity or genius of a person; cf. genus
Can be confused
genius, genus.

genius loci

[gen-i-oo s loh-kee; English jee-nee-uh s loh-sahy, -kahy] /ˈgɛn ɪˌʊs ˈloʊ ki; English ˈdʒi ni əs ˈloʊ saɪ, -kaɪ/
Latin.
1.
guardian of a place.
2.
the distinctive character or atmosphere of a place with reference to the impression that it makes on the mind.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for genius
  • More's genius is of that high order in which the intellectual and moral powers seem to interpenetrate and vitalise each other.
  • Psychologists are divided over whether genius is innate or acquired.
  • Using a class action to obtain that consent—en masse—was a stroke of genius by the settlement's architects.
  • She meant that geniuses, or those touched with a spark of it, had very little choice in life.
  • The parmesan crust is pure genius.
  • What Rimbaud lacked in social skills, however, he made up for in sheer outrageous genius.
  • He suffers from sensory overload at a black tie affair when thunderstruck by the genius of Velazquez's paintings.
  • One German genius has engineered a faster, smarter board game.
  • Perhaps the most crucial factor is scientific genius.
  • There was no mad genius behind my selling this book or having this book become a global phenomenon.
British Dictionary definitions for genius

genius

/ˈdʒiːnɪəs; -njəs/
noun (pl) -uses, (for senses 5, 6) genii (ˈdʒiːnɪˌaɪ)
1.
a person with exceptional ability, esp of a highly original kind
2.
such ability or capacity Mozart's musical genius
3.
the distinctive spirit or creative nature of a nation, era, language, etc
4.
a person considered as exerting great influence of a certain sort an evil genius
5.
(Roman myth)
  1. the guiding spirit who attends a person from birth to death
  2. the guardian spirit of a place, group of people, or institution
6.
(Arabian myth) (usually pl) a demon; jinn
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, from gignere to beget

genius loci

/ˈdʒiːnɪəs ˈləʊsaɪ/
noun
1.
the guardian spirit of a place
2.
the special atmosphere of a particular place
Word Origin
genius of the place
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for genius
n.

late 14c., "tutelary god (classical or pagan)," from Latin genius "guardian deity or spirit which watches over each person from birth; spirit, incarnation, wit, talent;" also "prophetic skill," originally "generative power," from root of gignere "beget, produce" (see kin), from PIE root *gen- "produce." Sense of "characteristic disposition" is from 1580s. Meaning "person of natural intelligence or talent" and that of "natural ability" are first recorded 1640s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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7
10
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