geography

[jee-og-ruh-fee]
noun, plural geographies.
1.
the science dealing with the areal differentiation of the earth's surface, as shown in the character, arrangement, and interrelations over the world of such elements as climate, elevation, soil, vegetation, population, land use, industries, or states, and of the unit areas formed by the complex of these individual elements.
2.
the study of this science.
3.
the topographical features of a region, usually of the earth, sometimes of the planets.
4.
a book dealing with this science or study, as a textbook.
5.
the arrangement of features of any complex entity: the geography of the mind.

Origin:
1535–45; < Latin geōgraphia < Greek geōgraphía earth description. See geo-, -graphy

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
geography (dʒɪˈɒɡrəfɪ)
 
n , pl -phies
1.  the study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them
2.  the natural features of a region
3.  an arrangement of constituent parts; plan; layout
 
ge'ographer
 
n
 
geographical
 
adj
 
geo'graphic
 
adj
 
geo'graphically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

geography
1540s, from Fr., from L., from Gk. geographia "description of the earth's surface," from ge "earth" + -graphia "description," from graphein "write."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
geography   (jē-ŏg'rə-fē)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. The scientific study of the Earth's surface and its various climates, countries, peoples, and natural resources.

  2. The physical characteristics, especially the surface features, of an area.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
But on land the arbitrariness of political geography becomes swiftly apparent.
Knowing geography helps kids to understand what is happening in the world.
In fact, there was hardly any geography at all in those days.
And since it's best to use Kentucky limestone water, that limits the geography
  too.
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