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gerundive

[juh-ruhn-div] /dʒəˈrʌn dɪv/
noun
1.
(in Latin) a verbal adjective similar to the gerund in form and noting the obligation, necessity, or worthiness of the action to be done, as legendus in Liber legendus est, “The book is worth reading.”.
adjective
2.
resembling a gerund.
Origin of gerundive
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Late Latin gerundīvus. See gerund, -ive
Related forms
gerundival
[jer-uh n-dahy-vuh l] /ˌdʒɛr ənˈdaɪ vəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
gerundively, adverb
nongerundive, adjective
nongerundively, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for gerundive
Historical Examples
  • Lovely, with a show of insouciance, bagged three gerunds and one gerundive.

    The Varmint Owen Johnson
  • This gerundive use of the infinitive is very common in this play.

  • Well, if you have, how are you going to spot the gerund and the gerundive?

    The Varmint Owen Johnson
  • In negative sentences the gerundive often conveys this idea of possibility.

    Selections from Viri Romae Charles Franois L'Homond
  • This construction is especially frequent with phrases consisting of a gerundive and a noun.

    Selections from Viri Romae Charles Franois L'Homond
  • For the gerundive as the equivalent of the Gerund, see 339, 1.

    New Latin Grammar Charles E. Bennett
  • The gerundive with esse denotes either physical necessity (must), or moral obligation (ought).

    Selections from Viri Romae Charles Franois L'Homond
  • "gerundive, sir," said P. Lentz promptly, observing Stover's ears in a state of revolution.

    The Varmint Owen Johnson
British Dictionary definitions for gerundive

gerundive

/dʒɪˈrʌndɪv/
noun
1.
(in Latin grammar) an adjective formed from a verb, expressing the desirability of the activity denoted by the verb
adjective
2.
of or relating to the gerund or gerundive
Derived Forms
gerundival (ˌdʒɛrənˈdaɪvəl) adjective
gerundively, adverb
Word Origin
C17: from Late Latin gerundīvus, from gerundiumgerund
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gerundive
adj.

early 15c., from Latin gerundivus (modus), from gerundium (see gerund).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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