gerund

[jer-uhnd]
noun Grammar.
1.
(in certain languages, as Latin) a form regularly derived from a verb and functioning as a noun, having in Latin all case forms but the nominative, as Latin dicendī gen., dicendō, dat., abl., etc., “saying.”
2.
the English -ing form of a verb when functioning as a noun, as writing in Writing is easy.
3.
a form similar to the Latin gerund in meaning or function.

Origin:
1505–15; < Late Latin gerundium, Latin gerundum that which is to be carried on, equivalent to ger(ere) to bear, carry on + -undum, variant of -endum, gerund suffix

gerundial [juh-ruhn-dee-uhl] , adjective
gerundially, adverb
nongerundial, adjective


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World English Dictionary
gerund (ˈdʒɛrənd)
 
n
a noun formed from a verb, denoting an action or state. In English, the gerund, like the present participle, is formed in -ing: the living is easy
 
[C16: from Late Latin gerundium, from Latin gerundum something to be carried on, from gerere to wage]
 
gerundial
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gerund
1513, from L.L. gerundium, from Old Latin gerundum "to be carried out," gerundive of gerere "to bear, carry." In L., a verbal noun used for all cases of the infinitive but the nominative; applied in Eng. to verbal nouns in -ing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
gerund [(jer-uhnd)]

A form of a verb that ends in -ing and operates as a noun in a sentence: “Thinking can be painful.”

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Verbs can also be tagged as present or past tense adjectival participles, or as gerunds.
The correct answer presents all three activities that form the subject of the sentence as gerunds.
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