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gesso

[jes-oh] /ˈdʒɛs oʊ/
noun, plural gessoes.
1.
gypsum or plaster of Paris prepared with glue for use as a surface for painting.
2.
any plasterlike preparation to prepare a surface for painting, gilding, etc.
3.
a prepared surface of plaster or plasterlike material for painting, gilding, etc.
Origin of gesso
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Italian < Latin gypsum gypsum
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for gesso

gesso

/ˈdʒɛsəʊ/
noun
1.
a white ground of plaster and size, used esp in the Middle Ages and Renaissance to prepare panels or canvas for painting or gilding
2.
any white substance, esp plaster of Paris, that forms a ground when mixed with water
Word Origin
C16: from Italian: chalk, gypsum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gesso

plaster of Paris, 1590s, from Italian gesso, from Latin gypsum (see gypsum).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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6
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