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gestalt

[guh-shtahlt, -shtawlt, -stahlt, -stawlt] /gəˈʃtɑlt, -ˈʃtɔlt, -ˈstɑlt, -ˈstɔlt/
noun, plural gestalts, gestalten
[guh-shtahl-tn, -shtawl-, -stahl-, -stawl-] /gəˈʃtɑl tn, -ˈʃtɔl-, -ˈstɑl-, -ˈstɔl-/ (Show IPA).
(sometimes initial capital letter) Psychology
1.
a configuration, pattern, or organized field having specific properties that cannot be derived from the summation of its component parts; a unified whole.
2.
an instance or example of such a unified whole.
Origin
1920-1925
1920-25; < German: figure, form, structure
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for gestalt

Gestalt

/ɡəˈʃtælt/
noun (pl) -stalts, -stalten (-ˈʃtæltən)
1.
(sometimes not capital) a perceptual pattern or structure possessing qualities as a whole that cannot be described merely as a sum of its parts See also Gestalt psychology
Word Origin
C20: German: form, from Old High German stellen to shape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gestalt

Gestalt

1922, from German Gestaltqualität (1890, introduced by German philosopher Christian von Ehrenfels, 1859-1932), from German gestalt "shape, form, figure, configuration, appearance," abstracted from ungestalt "deformity," noun use of adj. ungestalt "misshapen," from gestalt, obsolete past participle of stellen "to place, arrange" (see stall (n.1)). As a school of psychology, it was founded c.1912 by M Wertheimer, K. Koffka, W. Köhler.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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gestalt in Medicine

gestalt ge·stalt or Ge·stalt (gə-shtält', -shtôlt', -stält', -stôlt')
n. pl. ge·stalts or ge·stalt·en (-shtält'n, -shtôlt'n, -stält'n, -stôlt'n)
A physical, biological, psychological, or symbolic configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that its properties cannot be derived from a simple summation of its parts. Also called gestalt phenomenon.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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