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chair

[chair] /tʃɛər/
noun
1.
a seat, especially for one person, usually having four legs for support and a rest for the back and often having rests for the arms.
2.
something that serves as a chair or supports like a chair:
The two men clasped hands to make a chair for their injured companion.
3.
a seat of office or authority.
4.
a position of authority, as of a judge, professor, etc.
5.
the person occupying a seat of office, especially the chairperson of a meeting:
The speaker addressed the chair.
6.
(in an orchestra) the position of a player, assigned by rank; desk:
first clarinet chair.
7.
the chair, Informal. electric chair.
8.
10.
(in reinforced-concrete construction) a device for maintaining the position of reinforcing rods or strands during the pouring operation.
11.
a glassmaker's bench having extended arms on which a blowpipe is rolled in shaping glass.
12.
British Railroads. a metal block for supporting a rail and securing it to a crosstie or the like.
verb (used with object)
13.
to place or seat in a chair.
14.
to install in office.
15.
to preside over; act as chairperson of:
to chair a committee.
16.
British. to carry (a hero or victor) aloft in triumph.
verb (used without object)
17.
to preside over a meeting, committee, etc.
Idioms
18.
get the chair, to be sentenced to die in the electric chair.
19.
take the chair,
  1. to begin or open a meeting.
  2. to preside at a meeting; act as chairperson.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English chaiere < Old French < Latin cathedra; see cathedra
Related forms
chairless, adjective
unchair, verb (used with object)
Can be confused
chair, chairman, chairperson, chairwoman (see usage note at chairperson)
Usage note
5. See chairperson.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for get chair

chair

/tʃɛə/
noun
1.
a seat with a back on which one person sits, typically having four legs and often having arms
2.
an official position of authority a chair on the board of directors
3.
the person chairing a debate or meeting the speaker addressed the chair
4.
a professorship the chair of German
5.
(railways) an iron or steel cradle bolted to a sleeper in which the rail sits and is locked in position
6.
short for sedan chair
7.
in the chair, chairing a debate or meeting
8.
take the chair, to preside as chairman for a meeting, etc
9.
the chair, an informal name for electric chair
verb (transitive)
10.
to preside over (a meeting)
11.
(Brit) to carry aloft in a sitting position after a triumph or great achievement
12.
to provide with a chair of office
13.
to install in a chair
Word Origin
C13: from Old French chaiere, from Latin cathedra, from Greek kathedra, from kata- down + hedra seat; compare cathedral
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for get chair
chair
early 13c., from O.Fr. chaire, from L. cathedra "seat" (see cathedral). Figurative sense of "authority" was in M.E., of bishops and professors. Meaning "office of a professor" (1816) is extended from the seat from which a professor lectures (mid-15c.). Meaning "seat of a person presiding at meeting" is from 1640s. Chairman is first attested 1650s; chairwoman 1690s; chairperson 1971.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with get chair
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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